NASA told when was the world’s hottest year, all records were broken, know what is the danger

Summer Of 2023: NASA has made a revelation regarding changes in temperature on Earth. According to NASA, the temperature during the summer season in 2023 has broken the record of hundreds of years. According to scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute of Space Studies (GISS) in New York, Earth’s temperatures in the summer of 2023 were the hottest since global records began in 1880.

The months of June, July, and August combined were 0.41 °F (0.23 °C) warmer than any other summer month in NASA records. While 2.1 °F (1.2 °C) were warmer than the average summer between 1951 and 1980. August alone was 2.2 degrees Fahrenheit (1.2 degrees Celsius) warmer than average.

Temperature has gone beyond the base average of 1980

The new record comes at a time when much of the world is experiencing extraordinary heat, leading to deadly wildfires in Canada and Hawaii, and increasing heat waves in South America, Japan, Europe and the US. While there is a possibility of severe rainfall in Italy, Greece and Central Europe.

According to NASA, temperature analysis calculates the difference. The temperature anomaly shows how far the temperature has deviated from the base average from 1951 to 1980. NASA records temperatures from surface air temperature data from thousands of meteorological stations, as well as sea surface temperature data from ship and buoy-based (floating in the ocean or river) instruments. This is known as GISTEMP.

These fresh data are analyzed using methods that take into account the varying distances of temperature stations around the world and urban heating effects.

What is the reason for rising temperature?

Heat in 2023 Explaining the reason for record heat in many countries of the world, Josh Willis, a climate scientist and oceanographer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, said, "Extremely high sea surface temperatures, partly caused by the return of El Niño, were largely responsible for the unprecedented heat."

El Nino is a natural climate phenomenon in which warm water from the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean spreads towards North and South America and then causes the temperature of the entire world to rise. Because of this, situations like floods and droughts arise in different parts of the world. The effect of El Nino is visible every two to seven years.

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